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Tallit (Jewish Prayer Shawl) is a special quadrangular cape, to the corners of which are attached Tsitsit threads. As a rule, a tallit is a rectangular piece of white cloth (most often of wool) with several stripes woven around the sides. The Tallit image was used to create the flag of the state of Israel. Tallit is usually made from sheep’s wool, although other materials are used, such as flax, cotton, silk, and today even synthetics. The usual size of the tallit is 1×1.5 m. other sizes are possible. In his 4 corners, there is a Tzitz brush. Usually, 2 blue or black stripes are woven from the upper side of the tallit.
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What is Tallit
Tallit is a Jewish prayer cover. Stripes on the waist are usually blue, black or purple, but they can be any color of the rainbow. It has brushes on the four corners called tzitzit. Tallit can be large (Tallit Gadol) or small (tallit katan), size to the shoulders. It should be long enough to cover the shoulders like a shawl, and not just cover the neck like a scarf. Classic Tallit is made from wool, cotton or silk, but it can also be made from any other material.
When Jews Dress Tallit
Jews use tallit usually in all major life events – from circumcision to Bar and Bat mitzvah, weddings and even death. But it is most often used during the Morning Prayer. Usually, men wear a prayer cover because Jewish law does not oblige women to wear it. But now there are many available shapes and colors that are suitable for women. Therefore, many women use tallit during prayer too. For a Jew, the tallit is a symbol of Jewish identity, because it is used at every important life event. But for those who were not born a Jew, this is a symbol of the Jewish Messiah. Covering with a tallit helps the Jews to deepen their intimate relationship with God. This thing does not have a special power, but it reminds of God and His Words, in which people find strength.
Tzitzit or Fringe
The main goal of the tallit was actually to wear tzitzit or brushes. Tzitzit should be on each of the four corners, which are reminiscent of God’s commandments. Traditionally, on each tzitzit, there is a blue rope called Tkhelet. According to one opinion, the blue Tkhelet serves as a reminder to us of God’s creation, the ocean, the sky, the tablets on which the Ten Commandments were written, and His throne of glory. Before putting on the Big tallit (before the Shahrit prayer), a blessing is pronounced. Immediately after the blessing, the head and most of the body are covered by tallit and then put it on the shoulders. There is a huge variety of prayer covers, differing in the color of stripes, weaving tzitzit – according to the traditions of certain communities.
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Clothes of Jews
A mandatory and most important element is a quadrangular cape with a hole for the head and four tassels at the edges. The cape itself, called a Tallit Katan, can be hidden under clothing or worn over a shirt, but the brushes are always straightened over trousers. Into its four corners are the threads of tzitzit – brushes instituted by the Torah. Jewish religious clothing was influenced by biblical commandments, the demands of modesty and the modern style of clothing worn in many societies in which Jews lived. In Judaism, clothing is also a vehicle for religious ritual.
Classic tallit (tales) or Tallit Gadol is a prayer cover that we often see on men. Jews wear it during prayer, usually a white blanket with stripes. For a Jew and a non-Jew, this is a kind of marker and attribute, something that relates to the Jewish religion. A reminder of the covenant is a tallit, because how would he not look – its value in the hands, which are suspended from the corners.
Tallit – Tsitsit Cape With Tassels
Another name “Tallit Gadol” (big), in contrast to the so-called. “Tallit katan” (small). Tallit katan, as a rule, is worn under a shirt or jacket and worn during the day, and tallit Gadol is placed on the shoulders over the jacket, both during the morning prayer of Shaharit, and in some other cases related to the execution of the commandments (for example, during circumcision in tallit is dressed the father of the child). Tallit and brush Tzitzit on it are exclusively belonging to Jewish clothing. If you meet a person with Tsitsit, you can be sure that there is a Jew in front of you.
Tsitsit is woven tassels, bundles of threads (often woolen), which men must wear from the age of 13, the age of majority (bar mitzvah), at the corners of four-cornered clothing. Ordinary worshipers wear it during their morning prayers and Torah readings. In many communities, the cantors wear it during any prayer, and the father also puts a tallit on the circumcision of his son during the whole procedure.
Many Kabbalists and rabbis decided to wear a tallit all day to study the Torah. In some Hassidic communities (for example, in Karlinskaya), it is customary to pray at the Tallit on Saturday evening. Sephardic people wear it at a wedding. It is also customary for all Jews to bury in the Tallit.
Tallit, Tzitzit, and Tallit Katan
Tallit is a Jewish prayer handkerchief worn when telling morning prayers, as well as in a synagogue on the Day of rest and holidays. The tallit has special twisted and knotted edges, known as the Tzitzit attached to its four corners. A Jew gets a tallit on the day of the majority. During prayer, he throws it over his shoulders, which symbolizes the divine patronage provided to the worshiper. When a cohen pronounces a priestly blessing, he covers his head with a tallit. When carrying the Torah scrolls to a new place, they are sometimes wrapped in a tallit. In some communities, a bride and groom are tied with a tallit during a wedding.
How to Wrap in a Tallit
It is said in the Torah: “Make your own brushes on the four corners of your garments, with which you are covered.” Talit should cover the body like ordinary clothes that people wear – sometimes covering the head, sometimes not covering. But, initially, it is desirable that he covered his head. However, they say that it is necessary to completely wrap up the head and most of the body. So wore their clothes the Arabs. And although today the Arabs also do not wear their clothes like that, it is enough that in the times of the sages there was such a way. For a long time, the overwhelming majority of Jewish communities have spread the custom to wrap themselves up with tallit.
Therefore, initially after pronouncing the blessing, the following is done: cover the head with a tallit to the level of the eyes or to the level of the mouth, then gather all four edges of the tallit together in front and throw them back to the left shoulder. And they stand like that for the time it takes to pass 4 AMAs (approximately two meters). It is necessary that a large part of the body remains covered. Then the tallit is returned to its usual position so that it covers the head so that the tefillin is slightly visible, and the two ends of the tallith are in the front, and the two ends are in order for the person to be “surrounded” by commandments.
Stripes on Talit. The brushes should be the same color as the tallit. Rameau adds that the custom of Ashkenazim is to make tzitzit brushes of white color, even if the tallit itself is of a different color. Today, the custom is to make white color halite. The teacher made a light blue strip on the waist in memory of the color of the toy. From here went Ashkenazic custom to make bands on Talit. In our time, it has become customary to make black stripes.
Tsitsit – woven together in a special way the threads that are attached at the corners of quadrangular clothing. According to the law of the Torah, adult men from the age of 13, that is, from the age of Bar Mitzvah, the majority, must wear Tzitz brushes with any clothing that has four corners. Today, it is common practice for religious Jews to attach tzitzit brushes to a special cloth called tallit. Tzitzit are edges or tassels worn by observant Jews at the corners of quadrilateral garments, including tallit (prayer scarf). As they, as the Orthodox tradition believes, are a commandment with a term, they are worn only by men; Conservative Judaism regards women as exempted from wearing Tzitzit.
The Torah commands the Jews: “To make themselves Tzitzit (brushes) at the edges of their clothes. You will look at the Tzitzit and remember all the commandments of the Most-High, and you will fulfill them. The tzitzit commandment has its own purpose: to remind the Jew of all the commandments, thereby, as it were, pushing them towards their fulfillment. Indeed, in the form of a brush tzitzit (8 strands and 5 knots on each, for a total of 13 elements) and in the word tzitzit itself (numerical value 600) there is a hint of 613 commandments of the Torah.
Throughout the day, they wear a Tallit Katan with tassels tzitzit on it – this is how the tzitzit commandment is carried out. Talit put on after the morning wash hands. Talit Katan, as a rule, is made of white wool with black stripes. But there are pure white. Among the eight strands of the brush, there is one or two blue. The story is this: the secret of making a Taylet – blue dye, which is obtained from the mollusk Chylozon was lost about 2000 years ago. His recipe for paint Thelet was not recognized by most rabbis and was only used in a few communities.
In Sephardic and many Hasidim, on each corner, there is a tallit katan not one but two openings. In addition, on some brushes, in addition to the four (double) mandatory knots, you can see from 13 to 40 small knots on the threads of the thread. On this basis, too, members of different communities can be distinguished. Such a white veil, such as a poncho, is called a tallit. Traditional Jewish men’s clothing is a tailcoat or frock coat. Litvaki on weekdays can wear jackets. Hasids wear hoods, which also naturally have differences. For example, Lapels can be pointed or rounded. Or instead of the usual three buttons – six (two rows of three), this is the case with Samarian Hasidim. Outerwear is somewhat more diverse, except for hoods there are also bathrobes, bekéchis, zhugshtsy, etc. And all this is necessarily black.
Dressing gowns are clothes for special occasions: festive silk embroidered with black on black patterns, a quiet robe for festive dinners, a yeshiva robe made of the cheapest fabric without a lining — for practicing in a yeshiva or coil. Many Hasidim wear a special black satin raincoat – Bekeche. Both the bonnet, the frock coat, and the Hasid gown must be tied with a belt woven from black silk thread or fabric. The braided belt can be a smooth ribbon – an open Gartl or a ribbon longitudinally rolled into a double tube – a closed Gartl.
Now The Pants. They can be either ordinary or to the knee. Hungarian Hasidim wear short trousers, they tie the leg with a cord under the knee and put on black knee-high socks. Sometimes on holidays in some communities, it is customary to change black knee socks to white ones.
Kippah or Yarmulke is thin, slightly rounded skullcap, traditionally followed by Jewish men who are observant in any case, and sometimes both men and women in Reform and Conservative communities. Its use is associated with demonstrating respect and reverence for God.
Some Jewish women wear a Sheitel, a wig or a Tichel scarf, which is worn to meet the requirement of Jewish religious law that married women cover their hair. In biblical times, women, apparently, often covered their heads with a scarf or cape, which was considered a sign of special modesty. The man had the right to divorce his wife without returning her dowry if she appeared stupid on the street. The girl could not cover the head before marriage. Pious women covered their heads not only on the street but also at home. However, it was strictly obligatory for women to cover their heads only in public places or in the presence of a foreign man; this has become a custom accepted in all Jewish communities. The edges of the hair could be open.
Tsniut – the law on female modesty, the modesty of a woman in Judaism. Tsniut is modesty in dress, in conversation, in the behavior of a woman as represented by Jewish tradition. Tsniut also implies humility. The praised image of the Jewish woman – Tzuua “modest” and Baalat chesed “doing the works of mercy”. Clothes should be at least of such length that the knees of a woman are not visible, whether she is sitting or walking; such length is necessary, even if she wears opaque stockings. Sleeves should cover the elbows. However, in places where it is customary to wear longer clothes, the girl or woman should follow the local Minhag and not deviate from it.
Kittel. Kittel is a white knee-clad cotton garment worn by Jewish prayer leaders and some orthodox Jews on High Holidays. In some families, the head of the household is Kittel on Easter Seder. In some circles, it is usually for the groom at a Jewish wedding to wear a Kittel under a wedding canopy.
Tefillin – small black boxes-cases with leather straps, containing excerpts written on parchment from the text of the Pentateuch – Torah. Both tefillin and parchment are made from the skin of a kosher animal. The word “tefillin” comes from the Hebrew “Tfila” – “prayer.” Imposing tefillin is one of the commandments of Judaism: once a day adult men tie tefillin on the head and arm so that the hand tefillin are on the biceps of the arm opposite the heart, and the head tefillin are in the middle of the head above the eyes. It should be as concentrated and focused on the sense of the commandments – the recognition of God’s Will all of them. Couple tefillin: right hand-worn on the left – head tefillin.
Tefillin and the Exit from Egypt
In order to understand the reason for the establishment of the commandment by the Creator about putting on tefillin, it is necessary to speak, first of all, about leaving Egypt. After all, a part of Torah passages, placed in tefillin boxes, is dedicated specifically to the liberation of Jews from Egyptian slavery. Thus, the main goal of tefillin is to constantly remind of the withdrawal from Egypt and the miracles we witnessed. With the imposition of tefillin to think that God commanded us to put on a special box with the four passages from the Torah that refer to the unity of His Name and the exodus from Egypt, to remember the miracles that He did for us.
Barrier to Sin
It is very important to know that tefillin should suspend our pursuit of frivolous pastime, the search for material pleasures and luxury. We put on tefillin, containing four passages that form the basis of our holy Torah, to remember them constantly.
Tefillin and the study of Torah
We want to study the Torah day and night, but we have no time for it. God told them: “Put on tefillin, and I’m going to assume that you have studied day and night!” This phrase proves how important T owl is, capable even to some extent to free the Jewish people from studying Torah, which should be its main occupation daily.
There are many ways to get close to God. First of all, through the mind: to ask questions and look for answers, through which you can achieve a certain perception of the Infinite. You can also do a search for B about ha on a more intimate level – through prayer and meditation.
Every Jew on Mount Sinai has reached this level. Tefillin returns us this unique moment. Putting on our tefillin, we revive the infinite bond of love formed at Sinai. We have seen how the righteous — people who have attained the highest holiness – experienced mystical sensations whenever they put on tefillin. About gave us the commandment tefillin, clearly explaining how to perform it. Outwardly similar to a simple case and a rough bandage, he, in fact, represents something more.
It is very important that tefillin. It was manufactured in optimal conditions with maximum attention and bought only from a seller worthy of trust. For example, the famous manufacturer of tefillin. After all, with its help, virtually every Jew at his level can touch the very Source of life and each time rise higher and higher in the path of righteousness, thanks to the efforts caused by his work on himself.
This is the main meaning of tefillin – bring to life the maximum of holiness and firmly fight evil. Tefillin is the means to achieve this because it forms on the head of every Jew a crown that protects us from the nations.
Talmud calls tefillin the crown of Jewish uniqueness. You put tefillin on your left forearm, closer to your heart and head, thereby dedicating your emotions and mind to serving God. The tefillin belt is wound on the arm all the way to the palm as a sign that you, too, dedicate your deeds and deeds to the service of God. Putting on tefillin is a commandment with which a 13-year-old Jewish boy begins adult life. By putting on tefillin daily, you confirm your affiliation with Jewry. You can fulfill this commandment every weekday before sunset, wherever you are.
Tefillin and it’s meaning
The commandment of tefillin is one of the most important in the Torah. Jews value it and observe it for several millennia. Tefillin is two leather boxes through which leather belts are passed. Parchment with four fragments from Torahs: One of the boxes is superimposed on the left forearm opposite the heart – the focus of emotions and the belt is wrapped around the wrist and middle finger in a certain way. Another box is placed on the head above the forehead. Thus, the attention of a person concentrates on the heart and the hand. Tefillin teaches us to devote all our thoughts, feelings and deeds of God and in order to avoid mistakes and sins not to follow only the dictates of the heart. But we should not be guided by reason alone, for this can lead to gross materialism.
Texts incorporated in tefillin must be written by hand by a qualified scribe (soyfer) on a special, consecrated parchment. The boxes are made using very sophisticated technology from the skin of a kosher animal and are also consecrated for use in tefillin. The boxes should be strictly square. Belts and boxes should be painted black with special paint.