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Judaism is one of the most ancient religions. In the process of its development, some items gained cult significance, and are now associated exclusively with Jews and their traditions. This list includes the original menorah and chanukkiyah lamps.
In translation from the Hebrew language, this word is means lamp. It is a complex horn structure, in the cups of which, in ancient times, olive oil was poured, and now candles are inserted. The main feature of the menorah lamp is the seven horns. According to the Torah (Bible), the seven-candlestick idea was offered to Moses by the Highest himself while walking the leader of the Jews to Mount Sinai. A little later, using divine clues, this idea was embodied in a real product by Master Bezalel Ben Uri. Сoat of arms of Israel It is a blue shield with a menorah, the base of which stands stonework.
Chanukkiyah is a lamp of a slightly different type
If the menorah is intended to be used exclusively as a free accessory and is lighting daily, then a chanukkiyah is a Jewish household lamp. In theory, every Jewish family is obliged to have it, and the number should correspond to the number of men in the house. In contrast to the menorah, chanukkiyah is ignited strictly during the period of the celebration of Hanukkah – the eight-day holiday of the miraculous victory of the Maccabeus during the uprising against the Greeks.
In ancient times, chanukkiyah was hung on the wall of the house to the left of the entrance doors
When the user of Jewish symbols in Europe has been banned, the Jews lit the lamp inside the house. Its design has changed. If earlier it was just a set of oil lamps or candlesticks, lined up in one line and covered in the back part with a metal plate (a standard fire safety measure), then starting from the X century, they received their standard. For the production of Hanukkah, lamps use a different material: from stone and clay to various types of metal, up to precious. The shape and size of these items are not explicitly stipulated, limited only by the financial capabilities of customers and the imagination of manufacturers. As a result, the most advanced designs have become real works of art.
So, the menorah has seven candles, and chanukkiyah has nine
The menorah in the house can be only one, and the number of chanukkiyah is limited only by the number of men in the family. It often happens that in the days of the celebration of Hanukkah, in numerous and happy families, real garlands of candlesticks are lined up on the windowsills, often with entirely different types. An important point is a fact that the principle of acquiring these accessories is not limited to the Torah postulates. Every person is not forbidden to purchase a lamp, both for them and as a gift.
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